Poland is struggling with a large coal deficit, which forces power plants and heating plants to buy imported raw material. The problem, however, is the significant difference in price between foreign and domestic coal. As reported by Business Insider, many local heating plants have a knife on their throats because they do not have the money or creditworthiness to get the right amount of fuel for the winter.
Heat plants have to pay for coal in advance. Up to six times more
I got an offer for coal six times more expensive than last year
– explains the president of one of the heating plants in the south of the country. – It’s like buying fuel for six heating seasons with full prepayment. It’s obvious that I don’t have that kind of money. The bank refused to grant me a loan. So the question is what should I do? – he adds.
There has been a significant change in the market. Suppliers do not want to hear about late payment for deliveries. – There is no way to buy coal without money – Jacek Szymczak, president of the Polish Heating Chamber of Commerce, explains in an interview with the service.
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The industry demands intervention and guarantees from BGK
According to industry representatives, it will not be possible to get out of the situation without state intervention. – The issue of loans and guarantees from Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego is crucial for us today – says Szymczak.
He adds that the relevant regulations should come into force a few months ago. He does not hide that representatives of heating companies are racing against time, because the season has already begun.-
We have to take into account that some heating plants will either buy the fuel too late or, for logistical reasons, it will not arrive on time. This means that the supply of system heat to some homes will be at risk
– warns the head of the Chamber.
The government said: Coal will be cheaper. Since then, it has increased by 70 percent.
We have known about the problems with coal at least since spring, when Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki announced an embargo on gas supplies from Russia. However, government representatives argued that the situation was under control. – Today we have more than eight million tons of coal secured. We are on the safe side, said Anna Moskwa, the head of the Ministry of the Environment in June. – Please do not panic and buy expensive coal – she added.
But both individual consumers and entrepreneurs pay more for coal. In June, a ton of pieklorz or karlik eco-pea coal cost about PLN 1025-1045 in the PGG store, and it was still more than at the beginning of the year. Now, after just over three months – and subsequent increases – the same eco-pea coal on the Polska Grupa Górnicza website costs PLN 1770 per ton. This is an increase of about 70 percent.
According to the current price index, on Tuesday, September 20, 2022, $ 308 per tonne of coal is due in ARA ports. Converted into the Polish currency – according to the current exchange rate – it is PLN 1,448.97 per 1,000 kg of coal. During the year, the price of the raw material increased by approx. 200 percent.